RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2013

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278 The Geographies of Second Homes (1): Second home tourism
Convenor(s) Trudie Walters (University of Otago, New Zealand)
Tara Duncan (University of Otago, New Zealand)
Chair(s) Trudie Walters (University of Otago, New Zealand)
Tara Duncan (University of Otago, New Zealand)
Timetable Friday 30 August 2013, Session 2 (11:10 - 12:50)
Room Skempton Building, Lecture Theatre 207
Session abstract In 1977 Coppock produced his ground-breaking Second Homes: Curse or Blessing? which brought together in one volume the collective knowledge of second home scholars around the world. In the early years of scholarship, the research focus was on describing the spatial distribution of second homes, and the demographics and motivations of owners. Since then, new directions have included investigating deeper, more nuanced understandings of the meanings associated with second home ownership, and addressing issues associated with mobility and social justice. In 2004 Hall and Muller brought together the contentious notions of elitism and egalitarianism in second homes in their edited volume Tourism, Mobility and Second Homes: Between Elite Landscape and Common Ground. In recent years second home research has also emerged from countries and regions hitherto invisible to the academic gaze. Even in countries where second homes are presented as an integral part of society, a normative experience, such as Norway, Finland and New Zealand, researchers are now questioning such representations of national identity. This session showcases exciting, diverse and even perhaps somewhat controversial new research in previously unstudied or understudied aspects of both the physical and human geographies of second homes.
Linked Sessions The Geographies of Second Homes (2): Second homes and their impacts
The Geographies of Second Homes (3): Meanings, nuances and interpretations
Contact the conference organisers to request a change to session or paper details: AC2013@rgs.org
Recreational Second Homes and Amenity Migrants in Turkey’s Mountain Areas: Case Study the Eastern Black Sea Region
Mehmet Somuncu (University of Ankara, Turkey)
Ashfaq Ahmad Khan (Ankara University, Turkey)
In the 1970s, many second homes were built along the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts in Turkey. These homes were not constructed with a proper planning that resulted in a mess of concrete made structures in the area. Some people started to move towards the highlands in order to get rid of overcrowded and congested environment of coastal areas in 1990s. They began to spend their summer holidays in the highlands as the Government provided good facilities of infrastructure there such as roads, water and electricity. Despite the prohibition of owning private property in the highlands except temporary dwellings for highlanders the process of building second homes in the highlands accelerated with the passage of time. Most of the new buildings situated in the Black Sea Region are second homes owned by rich people who belong to large cities such as Ankara and Istanbul. These include ranches, villas and farmhouses located within the province of Ordu, Giresun, Trabzon, Rize, Artvin and Gumushane.
The aim of present study is to evaluate the development of recreational second homes and amenity migration in the Eastern Black Sea region’s yaylas (Yayla: a temporary settlement in mountain pastures; plural: yaylas). For this purpose, four different types of sample have been taken based on a research in 30 yaylas from three provinces of the Eastern Black Sea Region. Both quantitative and qualitative research techniques has used in the study for collection of data. The change in number of homes in the yaylas during years of 1973-2004 has been determined with help of aerial photographs and geographic information system. Primary data have been collected by a household survey during summer of 2010 in which 900 households have participated from 30 yaylas of three provinces. The qualitative data have been collected through personal observations and in-depth interviews with 45 key representatives of local communities. As a result of the analysis it has been determined that 543 houses are second homes in 30 yaylas located in the Eastern Black Sea Region. The number of second homes in the yaylas has increased respectively during years of 1980-2010. The other change in the yaylas is functional change. The yaylas once primarily used by local people as mountain pastures in summer for grazing activities until the 1980s have been currently used for recreation purposes by amenity migrants and turned into holiday resorts. These changes in land use and function of yaylas have environmental, economic and social effects.
Second Home as a tool for tourism development in Cape Verde: the role of the Capeverdien Diaspora.
Miguel Dias Costa (Glyndwr University, UK)
In the past few decades Second Home ownership has been experiencing a considerable growth and has become an important aspect of some Tourism Destinations worldwide. Second Home ownership implies the financial means to acquire such dwelling. It also implies that there is already some kind of connection with place – place attachment – prior to the acquisition. Cape Verde is a country wishing to become a tourism destination that has put almost all of its eggs (tourism accommodation) in the same basket (Second Homes), and now is facing an impasse situation towards its future. It is trapped in a circular situation regarding the development of the tourism industry. In fact, without further investment in Second Homes there is no development of the tourism destination and without further development of the tourism destination there is no available traditional funding for Second Home’s investment projects. The research conducted examined the relationship between Second Homes, Tourism Destination development and the contribution of Diaporas to the national tourism. The Delphi Technique was chosen among several research survey methods because of its proven results as a method used to forecast, mainly in areas where there is a lack of information on the tourism industry. It involved several Experts from the academia and from several nationalities. The findings indicated that Second Home can be a tool for the development of the tourism in Cape Verde in its route to become a Tourism Destination as long as the Capeverdien Diaspora plays an essential role in this development.
Second homes landscape transformation in the mature tourist destinations of the Mediterranean coast
Trini Rovira Soto (Rovira I Virgili University, Catalonia, Spain)
Salvador Anton Clavé (Rovira I Virgili University, Catalonia, Spain)
In the mature tourist destinations of the Mediterranean coast, second homes have been, from the 60 ‘s, one of the main holiday´s accommodation. In the central Costa Daurada, in Catalonia, which is the geographical area of this study, 77% of buildings are not main homes and 39% of tourist arrivals choose this type of accommodation.

This paper analyses the evolving role of second homes in the configuration of the landscape of central Costa Daurada from the 60’s. The starting point of the research is the observation that the second homes development is associated with a specific form of urban planning called Partial Plans.

From the information provided by these partial planning documents, the paper study the evolution of the basic components of the urban landscape created by second homes during the last 50 years: the area dedicated to private buildings, the area dedicated to public open spaces, the area dedicated to the road network and the area dedicated to public and collective equipments.
The study reveals that functional second homes landscapes which had an intense functional specialization at the beginning, have nowadays all the components of urban spaces. So, the results confirm that second home landscapes in mature tourist destinations of the Mediterranean coast have evolved in such a way that, nowadays, they configure spaces closer to a conventional city than the holiday space, as they were in their origins.
Second Home Tourism in Italy: The Tale of two Diverse Geographical Areas -South Tyrol and the Aeolian Islands
Serena Volo (Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy)
Patterns of tourism and leisure behavior involving second homes have been studied comprehensively across several geographical areas. Substantial academic research has been carried out on the contribution of second homes to tourism, their character as seasonal and retirement migration dwellings, and -more recently- to questions related to their experiential dimension. However, Italian second homes studies have focused mostly on estimations of tourist flows in small destinations ignoring the underlying motivations and behavioral patterns of second home owners, and their interaction with the local community. The present study focuses on second home tourism in two diverse geographical areas of the Italian peninsula -South Tyrol and the Aeolian Islands- and aims to provide a systematic overview of the development of second home tourism in these areas and of the experiential dimension of their users. The geographical areas targeted are ideal second home tourism laboratory with a high second home density and considerable exploitation from the local community. Quantitative secondary data were collected to provide an initial framework and a qualitative method of investigation was chosen to gain knowledge of how second home tourists and destination stakeholders see and experience the second home phenomenon. Second home tourism is very heterogeneous across the different regions of Italy, and each region will have its own history and its own characteristics that will shape how the second home tourism reality plays out and how second home tourists experience their visit. The present study aims at presenting such peculiarities therefore contributing to the understanding of the phenomenon.