RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2018

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91 Traversing Landscapes of Gender Based Violence (GBV) (1)
Affiliation Geography of Leisure and Tourism Research Group
Gender and Feminist Geographies Research Group
Convenor(s) Claudia Eger (Copenhagen Business School, Denmark)
Heather Jeffrey (Middlesex University Dubai, Dubai)
Paola Vizcaino-Suarez (Bournemouth University, UK)
Chair(s) Claudia Eger (Copenhagen Business School, Denmark)
Heather Jeffrey (Middlesex University Dubai, Dubai)
Paola Vizcaino-Suarez (Bournemouth University, UK)
Timetable Wednesday 29 August 2018, Session 3 (14:40 - 16:20)
Room Bute Building - Lecture Theatre 0.53
Session abstract In 2017, women around the world marched against gender inequality. A salient element of gender inequality is gender-based violence (GBV). GBV has been defined as any act “that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life” (UN 1993). A diverse body of research on gender and tourism has explored the commodification of children, women and men in the global sex trade (e.g. Davidson, 2005; Jeffreys, 2008; Kempadoo, 2001; Kibicho, 2016; Sanders-McDonagh, 2016). Studies have also explored sexual harassment in the tourism and hospitality sectors (e.g. Cañada, 2015; Cheung, Baum & Hsueh, 2017; García 2016; Guerrier & Adib, 2000; Poulston, 2008; Pritchard & Morgan, 2006; Ram, 2015) and the constraints experienced by female travellers, including violence (Jordan & Aitchison, 2008; Lepp & Gibson, 2003; Wilson & Little, 2008). Research in tourism and hospitality could benefit from a more rigorous theorisation and analysis of GBV. In this session, we are interested in exploring current debates on gender-based violence and sexual harassment alongside feminist movements and their mobilities. The session welcomes papers addressing the following areas:
• The movement of socially held beliefs on gender
• Landscapes of inequality and their intersections with violence
• Private and public landscapes of gender-based violence
• Global feminist movements concerning various forms of gender-based violence
• Forced mobilities and gender-based violence
• Migrant workers and gender-based violence
• Submerged and immobile voices on gender-based violence
• Tourist movements and gender-based violence
• Sexual harassment in the hospitality/tourism workplace
• Theorisations, conceptualisations and contextualisation of gender-based violence as a multifaceted phenomenon
Linked Sessions Traversing Landscapes of Gender Based Violence (GBV) (2)
Contact the conference organisers to request a change to session or paper details: ac2018@rgs.org
Journeyscapes of domestic violence: the scale of landscapes of escape
Janet Bowstead (Royal Holloway, University of London, UK)
This presentation will explore the terrain through which women and children travel to escape domestic violence. These geographical journeys have rarely been researched because of their necessarily secret nature, and there is a lack of literature on key aspects of this gendered forced internal migration. Drawing on research analysing administrative data on over 140,000 journeys to access services in England, this presentation will highlight the scope and scale of these escapes from this particular form of gender-based violence. Landscape parameters of distance and administrative boundaries will be brought together with recognition of how the terrain is made more hostile by policy, law and practice. Women, often accompanied by their children, are thereby forced to make more complex and fragmented journeys, which are longer in both time and distance than could otherwise be the case. The presentation will contrast this with the concept of a functional scale for domestic violence journeys – “journeyscapes” – whereby women and children travel as far as they need to escape the abuse, but are not forced any further due to administrative boundaries or services. Changing these journeys into journeyscapes could enable more effective responses so that women only make the journeys that are strictly necessary, and are more smoothly and swiftly able to move to where they can settle and rebuild their fragmented lives. A society which thinks and responds more coherently in terms of policy, services and rights could journeyscape women’s experiences and help them re-establish control over their sense and reality of home.
Transnational landscapes of Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG): reflections from Brazilian migrants in London
Cathy McIlwaine (King’s College London, UK)
Yara Evans (King’s College London, UK)
Despite increasing recognition of the specificities of Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) among international migrant populations especially from an intersectional perspective, much research focuses on the experiences of victims/survivors in situ in destination contexts. There is much less work on how VAWG plays out transnationally across borders as migrants move and maintain links back home. This paper explores these dynamic transnational landscapes of VAWG among Brazilian women living in London drawing empirically on recent survey, interview and focus group research with over 200 migrants. It is conceptually rooted within the ‘transnational spectrum of urban VAWG’ (McIlwaine and Evans, 2018) developed by the authors elsewhere but extended here to focus specifically on the transnational dimensions of gender-based violence through the lens of international migration. It highlights how gender ideologies travel, or what we call ‘travelling patriarchies’, and thee ways in which they transform in positive and negative ways as women (and men) migrate. It also explores how situated life course experiences in Brazil fundamentally influence women’s experiences of and attitudes towards VAWG in new settings.
Femicide: It’s the feminists fault
Heather Jeffrey (Middlesex University Dubai, Dubai)
Paola Vizcaino-Suarez (Bournemouth University, UK)
As a socially constructed category, gender is shaped by gender discourses that permeate society and are performed in everyday interactions. Contemporary feminist theories and postmodern currents, in particular poststructuralism, recognise that gender identities are not static but are (re) constructed from social and political discourses. The critical analysis of discourse is concerned precisely with the reproduction of social domination through discourse. Discourse is an important vehicle for defining socially accepted activities for both women and men, including activities related to leisure, tourism and travel. Women who attempt to traverse geographical boundaries have long felt the constraints of patriarchal cultures. These constraints may manifest as violence or even femicide. In the Latin American context, violence against women has been normalised by adherence to a patriarchal system that seeks to blame victims without taking into account the role of abusers. In Ecuador in 2016, Argentine tourists Marina Menegazzo and María José Coni were found murdered, but their memory lives on. The two women became the focal point of conversations, and news stories alike, at the heart of these discussions lay the issue of responsibility. This paper explores and opens debate on gender-based violence and the normalisation of victim blaming, in the context of travel and tourism. A critical discourse analysis investigates user generated comments on online news that reported the case. Discourses of victim blaming, racism, beauty and post-feminism emerge as a messy conceptual base for those users engaging with the news stories published by La Nacion, a prominent Argentinian news outlet.